How to distinguish natural pearls from fake?
Pearls are the embodiment of beauty and ideal, it is considered the oldest stone known to man. Opening the fragile oyster shell, the man first saw a truly masterpiece. Unusual shine, perfect round shape, crystalline whiteness – this is how you can easily describe pearls. In the 20th century, Coco Chanel recognized pearls as a democratic ornament, as it fits any clothing and any woman. For a long time, pearls symbolize purity and purity, so that it would be ugly to wear a fake instead of a true masterpiece of nature. How not to be trapped and choose natural pearls – read below.
Even if you plan to go to a jewelry store, you should know some of the nuances. There are three types of pearls. The first is natural, the second is cultured, the third is fake. Natural pearls are often round in shape, which is hidden in the oyster shell. To make it ripen to a diameter of 4 to 12 mm, you need to wait a few years. Ninety percent of the pearl market is cultured pearls. There are special farms for their cultivation. Cultured pearls grow in baskets that sink into water for a specified period. Fakes are often made of glass or plastic. Plastic is quite easy to calculate, as it is light in weight and uniform in structure. Glass is used to make balls, which are filled with pearl-like substance like paste. To do this, use the hood of fish scales. And after these procedures, cover with appropriate varnishes and paints.
In order to understand what a pearl really is, you can cut it in half. In a true natural pearl, a grain of sand that serves as its basis will not be very noticeable. In cultured pearls, the core will be pearlescent, as it serves as an implant in the body of the oyster. Well, if you try to cut plastic or glass, nothing will come out of you, unless you chop it up. Of course, this is a radical method. But there are more rational ways of checking.
An expensive pleasure for the examination of pearls is gemological testing. The price for this service ranges from $ 150. X-ray, which should show what is inside the pearl – this is what the procedure looks like.
Also one of the organoleptic methods for studying pearls is vision. Inspect it from all sides, the mineral should not be symmetrical. This is a sign of natural pearls, but plastic or glass will be perfect in color and shape. Having prepared in advance, you need to cut a hole on a thick cardboard. It should be less than the diameter of the pearl. Then insert the pearl into this hole and look at the light. If the pearl is cultured, it will immediately pretend to be due to a large-sized seed stain. And the edges will be brightly illuminated.
You can also try pearls for a tooth. Strange, you say, but not at all. You should take the pearls and rub it on the tooth. If the pearl is real, it will be a bit grainy in appearance. Artificial will be perfect and even form. And if you look at a pearl through a microscope, it will be wavy.
Many cultured pearls are lacquered with a protective coating, which makes it smooth and even more mother-of-pearl. And to distinguish it from a natural mineral is quite a challenge.
This is only a small part of the information you need. Turning to the experts of the store Daimox, you will receive a full consultation and practical advice on the choice of products with pearls. Enjoy the shopping!